Reliability and Safety

Safety and reliability management system of hydraulic structures and equipment


Ensuring a reliable and safe operation of the energy facilities is a strategic overriding priority for the Company. By "reliability" RusHydro understands the ability of the equipment and hydraulic structures to function during their service life while maintaining the specified parameters. "Security" means provision of such conditions where there is no unacceptable risk associated with causing harm to human health, property of individuals and legal entities, state and municipal property and the environment.


Principles of the Safety and Reliability Management System of the hydraulic structures and equipment are:

  • compliance with all legislative norms in the field of safety of hydraulic structures;
  • hydraulic structures and equipment operation at all stages of the life cycle (the stage of creation initiating, engineering, construction, operation, repair, reconstruction, conservation and liquidation);
  • decision-making process to ensure safety and reliability of the hydraulic structures and equipment within the framework of state regulatory restrictions;
  • the System management actions are transparent to the management of the Company, shareholders, HPP staff, supervisory bodies and media.
The main processes of the System:
  • monitoring of the state of hydraulic structures and equipment with an automated processing of information on the condition of the hydraulic structures and equipment;
  • assessment of condition the hydraulic structures condition;
  • assessment of the equipment technical condition and physical wear and tear;
  • planning and implementation of measures to ensure safety and reliability of the hydraulic structures and equipment;
  • controlling compliance with safety requirements and reliability of the hydraulic structures and equipment;
  • management of operational and regulatory expertise in the field of safety and reliability of the hydraulic structures and equipment.

Documents regulating management of safety and reliability of the hydraulic structures

  • Concept of the Safety and Reliability Management System of the hydraulic structures adopted in 2009, which highlights major risk groups and control mechanisms.
  • Regulation on safety and reliability management system of the hydraulic structures and the main equipment of the hydro-power power plants of PJSC RusHydro (Order No. 225 of March 23, 2011).
  • Regulations on interaction of monitoring services of the PJSC RusHydro’s branches, the executive administration of the Company and the structural unit of the analytical centre of PJSC RusHydro in JSC Vedeneyev and JSC NIIES regarding the hydraulic structures and power equipment (last update – Order No. 666 of July 15, 2015)
  • RusHydro Technical Policy, which establishes a comprehensive approach to ensuring reliability and safety of the equipment and the power facility as a whole throughout its life-cycle.
  • Company’s Production Program which is the main instrument for implementing the RusHydro Technical Policy. The Technical Policy provides for the development of measures for the Company’s Production Program in the mid-term (a six-year outlook) and the long-term (a 15-year time horizon).


Ensuring operational availability and reliability of power supply in the Far East in the short- and long-term


A distinctive feature of the energy sector functioning in the Far East of Russia is the operation in conditions with temperature below 0°C (32°F) from 6 to 9 months per year, so an energy company should use the warmest time of the year to the maximum in order to prepare for the next autumn-winter period. The key step in summarizing the preparations for work in the autumn-winter period is getting the Readiness Passport for the autumn-winter period. The Readiness Passport is issued by a special commission consisting of representatives of federal authorities, the Ministry of Energy of the Russian Federation and is issued to energy companies upon completion of the audit of the planned activities implementation.


The main long-term challenge faced by the energy sector of the Far East is to overcome the aging trend and the accumulated depreciation of the equipment. More than half of all thermal power plants in the Far East were built more than 30 years ago and now are 55-85% worn out. Almost 3GW of generating capacity, including thermal capacity of ~2,800 Gcal/h are subject to decommissioning before 2025.


In order to compensate such a shortage, the construction of new thermal power generation facilities in the Amur, Khabarovsk and Primorye energy systems, as well as in isolated energy systems of Sakhalin, Chukotka and the Kamchatka Territory is provided as part of the RusHydro’s investment programs.


Functional subsystem of the Unified State Emergency Management System


In accordance with the Order No. 222 of the Ministry of Energy of the Russian Federation of June 09, 2011, RusHydro Group has created a functional subsystem of the Unified State System for Preventing and Eliminating Emergency Situations integrated with the national state system.


The coordinating body of the subsystem - Commission for Prevention and Elimination of Emergencies and Fire Safety of the Company - is responsible for timely assessment of the situation and takes decisions on implementation of measures aimed at preventing emergencies.


The annual work plans of the Commission include measures for a safe passage of flood waters in the spring and summer, preparation for the autumn-winter peak of maximum loads, as well as for ensuring sustainable operation in the fire and thunderstorm periods.


Round-the-clock monitoring of the situation at the facilities, notification of detected violations in the equipment operation and conduction of priority measures to prevent the emergencies are provided by the day-to-day management of the functional subsystem of the Company: the operational duty shift of the Centre for Monitoring the Facilities’ Security and Operation Condition, as well as on-duty shifts of the operating staff of generating branches.


There are local information systems operating on 23 sites of the Group.


To prevent and eliminate emergencies, RusHydro has created reserves of material resources in the branches operating the hydraulic structures and the target reserve of financial resources in the Company. The target reserve of funds for the emergencies liquidation was established centrally in the interests of all objects of RusHydro in the amount of 1% of the average monthly revenue from the sale of electricity and capacity.


Occupational Safety Management System


The fundamental document laying down the principles of occupational safety at the workplaces in PJSC RusHydro is the Occupational Safety Policy. In accordance with the document, the Company's activities are aimed at creating of safe work places, as well as development of safe behaviour in industries and the skills to prevent dangerous situations. The company strives to reduce operational risks and the constantly improve the working conditions.


The main objectives of RusHydro Group in the field of occupational safety are as follows:

  • to preserve life and health of employees in the course of their employment;
  • to prevent occupational injuries and diseases;
  • to teach employees the fundamentals of safe behaviour at the workplace and develop their hazard prevention skills;
  • to constantly improve working conditions.

The Company's Occupational Safety Policy is approved by the order of PJSC RusHydro No. 372 of 20.04.2015. The document defines the priorities and obligations of JSC RusHydro:

  • compliance with legislative and other normative legal acts of the Russian Federation in the field of occupational safety;
  • mandatory insurance of employees against industrial accidents and occupational diseases;
  • teaching employees the occupational safety rules and checking their knowledge of occupational safety requirements;
  • timely assessing of workplaces in terms of working conditions;
  • controlling the state of working conditions in the workplace;
  • providing employees with necessary personal protection equipment, serviceable tools and devices;
  • controlling the state of working conditions in the workplace;
  • implementing an incentive system that encourages employees to unconditionally observe occupational safety requirements;
  • identifying, assessing and mitigating risks in the field of occupational safety;
  • implementing and using advanced technologies that ensure safe working conditions in the workplace;
  • providing financial and logistical resources for the implementation of Group’s Occupational safety policy;
  • ensuring effective functioning and continuous improvement of occupational safety management system.
The responsibility of the Company’s management in the field of occupational safety and health is defined by the order of PJSC RusHydro No 1090 of 30.12.2016.